Bill on electronic governance
On 22.10.2021, the Council of Ministers submitted to public consultation the draft law “On electronic governance“(law Project).
The bill is proposed as a regulatory instrument within the framework of government policies defined for the increase and promotion of electronic services for citizens, businesses and public administration, in strict compliance with the European principles of free and fair competition. .
Considering the fact that there is currently no specific law on e-governance and that the legal regulations are mainly at the level of the statutes, this draft law is a novelty in the national legislation, the provisions of which complement the legal framework and allow a better implementation in the practice of e-governance. It is also in line with the commitments under Article 103 of the Stabilization and Association Agreement.
The proposed bill aims to define the rights, obligations and responsibilities of public authorities and private entities, with regard to the development and management of information infrastructure systems, the obligation of public authorities and entities to comply with electronic security standards, determine the rules for the establishment and provision of e-government services in the Republic of Albania as well as access to the processing and protocol of information by electronic means.
The general principle of this bill is the provision of electronic governance services by public authorities, which are guided by the principles of security, legality and the principle of protection of the public interest.
The E-Albania platform is defined as the single point of contact for online electronic services to public institutions and private entities.
The sole authority responsible for e-government and the central infrastructure of e-governance services is the National Information Technology Agency (NAIT). NAIT has the authority to provide centralized electronic services, registry administration, as well as electronic certification and cybersecurity under this Act and applicable law for public services.
In order to better implement e-governance services against payment in practice, the main novelty of this bill is the creation of a joint stock company called “Dg Tech”, which will be under the “umbrellaFrom NAIT. The bill provides that private entities operating in the field of information technology may own shares but not more than 49 (forty-nine)% of the total number of shares.
Finally, the bill provides for the possibility of direct electronic payments, independent of the electronic payment platforms of financial institutions to receive services, as well as the right of any person using the platform to assess the performance and quality of the service.